According to this measure approved by the Deputy Prime Minister and in line with the country’s water management strategy, Vietnam aims to develop water supply security in agricultural areas by 2030.
This new water management strategy has been given the green light by Deputy Prime Minister Trinh Ding Dong. While promoting innovative supply methods, it aims to develop action plans to ensure a sustainable water resource for agriculture, for socio-economic development and to clearly define its daily use. The programme hopes to maintain water supply to 85% of the country’s rice crops by 2030. Innovative agricultural practices should be applied to 60% of rice fields by 2050.
Problem of the Mekong drought
Areas such as the central coast, the Highlands and the Mekong Delta will be given priority under this new water management strategy. Last year, the central provinces as well as the Highlands suffered from a particularly arid and prolonged heat wave. Finally, the Mekong Delta is facing a general drop in its water level, due to a continuous drought, dozens of dams built upstream and saline intrusion.
In February 2020, the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting still forecasts a 35 to 40% drop in water level and anticipates in the coming months consequences as serious as those caused by the drought of 2016.