Contractualization and Public Private Partnership – May 22 and 23,2024 – 2 days
- Analyze the institutional context of the service and the different modes of contracting with local/national authorities, private operators of different sizes and user associations
- Know the possible ways of organizing the responsibilities of a service (ownership, operation and maintenance, asset management, regulation), the actors involved, their links (contractual, regulatory, or implicit), the financial circuits
- To show the interest in developing partnerships at the urban/peri-urban interface (also valid for secondary cities)
- Understand the tools of regulation: contracts, performance indicators, tariffs
Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) and the reform of water and sanitation services
- Contracts and risks
- Motivations for reform
- Group case studies on organizational models and reform steps
Peri-urban and small towns: contracting with small private operators
- Work on three standard contracts used for the management of services in small towns
- The use of small private operators, cases of Mozambique and Cambodia/Laos
- Conclusions on regulatory tools
Pricing at the heart of institutional and contractual relations
- Typology of tariffs
- The opposing objectives of pricing
- Focus on pro-poor pricing
- Case study: cross-analysis of 4 tariff grids
- Analysis of sectoral architectures and reform issues
- Understanding the types and success factors of PPPs
- Analysis of pricing as a regulatory tool
Regulation – May 24 and 25, 2023 – 2 days
- Understand the concept of regulation of water and sanitation services, including economic and environmental regulation of the service
- Analyze the main institutional models for regulating water and sanitation services Understand the tools for regulating prices and service quality
- Learn about pro-poor regulation concepts
- Enable participants to analyze their own service regulation systems
- Presentation of the concept of regulation of water and sanitation services, including economic and environmental regulation of the service
- Principles of “good regulation
- Presentation of the main institutional models of regulation of water and sanitation services, based on the presentation of examples
- Presentation of the main forms of contractualization of water and sanitation services
- Analysis by the participants of their economic and environmental regulation systems for water and sanitation services
- Restitution of the institutional analyses and discussion in plenary on how to improve the functioning of regulation in their respective countries in order to achieve the objectives of improving and expanding the service
- Tools for price regulation
- Tools for regulation of quality aspects, including environmental regulation
- Discussion with participants on the application of these tools in their respective countries Presentation on the adaptation of regulation to the needs of the poorest users
- Discussion with participants on the challenges posed by regulation applied to the poorest in their respective countries and detailed analysis of some examples
- Be able to propose an institutional framework and regulations adapted to the service
- To have the necessary tools to move the different actors to bring about this change
Institutional dynamics – May 30 to June 2nd,2024 – 4 days
- Introduce the main tools of institutional analysis with respect to network infrastructure, particularly water and sanitation
- Familiarize participants, from their different contexts, with the main formal rules that organize the water and sanitation sectors (in particular legal rules)
- To shed light on the multiple organizational choices available (public provision, public-private partnerships, competitive bidding for the market or on the market, privatization) based on feedback
- Make participants aware of the benefits, costs and constraints of these various solutions
The focus at each stage will be on the participants’ knowledge to feed the analysis framework and the debates.
- Legal framework: the rules of the game in the context of networked infrastructure and public procurement
- The regulatory framework: an approach
- The forces driving change in these rules
- Institutional issues specific to the water and sanitation sectors (decentralization, delegation, control and enforcement)
- The different ways of organizing these services in different institutional settings
- How to evaluate performance beyond the usual criteria (price, quantity, quality), in particular taking into account what is “socially acceptable” and “politically feasible
Module in common with the MS “Water Management” in order to promote exchanges between the French system and the auditors’ countries. But also to allow the auditor to explain in a practical way his institutional framework.
- Participants are expected to have basic knowledge of regulatory institutions and basic knowledge of microeconomics
- At the end of these four days, participants should have a more precise knowledge of institutional issues, actions to be taken at the institutional level and the strong constraints that frame them.
Claude MÉNARD is professor (emeritus) in economics at the University of Paris (Panthéon-Sorbonne) and senior researcher at the Economic Centre of the Sorbonne (CNRS). He is also a senior research fellow at the Delft University of Technology and at the CORS (University of São Paulo). Before being affiliated with the Sorbonne, he taught and did research in Canada (his country of origin) and The Netherlands, and he has been visiting professor in numerous universities worldwide. He has published extensively in reputed international journals, as well as several books on the economics of organization and institutions, on regulation, and on the economics of infrastructures (a list of his publications can be found on http://claudemenard.net). He has also worked extensively for several public and international organizations, particularly with the French and Canadian government, and for the World Bank and the OECD, on issues of governance, development of infrastructures and public contacts. In that context, he worked as an expert in several countries, mostly in Africa and North and South America and to a lesser degree in Asia.
Dr Marine COLON is a water and environmental engineer, and has been holding the position of teacher and researcher at AgroParisTech and UMR Gestion de l’Eau, Acteurs, Usages (a pluridisciplinary research laboratory on water based in Montpellier) since 2014. She specialized in water and sanitation utilities’ management through a 6-year experience in consultancy for water utilities in France and a research experience. In 2014, she defended a PhD in management sciences on the reform of water and sanitation utilities in Uganda and Phnom Penh at AgroParisTech / UMR G-EAU (based in Montpellier). This work has been supported by the Chaire Suez ParisTech Water for All. She contributed to projets in Burkina Faso, India, Uganda and Cambodia. She researches on institutional changes and the development of performance tools. Since 2017 she monitors data on the market for water concessions in France for the French Biodiversity Agency. She graduated from the Ecole Nationale du Génie des Eaux et de l’Environnement de Strasbourg (France, 2002),the MSc Engineering for Developpement from the University of Southampton (UK, 2002), the Ecole Nationale du Génie Rural des Eaux et Forêts / Agroparistech (2010) and the Master in Public Management from the University of Nanterre / ESCP-EUrope/CGS Minesparistech/CRG Ecole Polytechnique / ENA (2011).
Claude JAMATI worked for 18 years in engineering (transport infrastructure and urban infrastructure projects) at the international level, as an engineer, project manager and then department director. This career has continued for 16 years with water operators working in France and abroad. For 5 years he led the development of the Suez Environment Group in Morocco (1999-2004): PPP mounts in the fields of water, energy and solid waste. Since 2004, he has specialized in the institutional and operational improvement of water and sanitation services. He has worked as an institutional expert at the World Bank Institute (WBI) between 2005 and 2008, for the International Finance Corporation (IFC) between 2006 and 2009 and as a project manager in support of SMEs for the Center for Development of the World Bank. Company (European Union) between 2009 and 2012 in 7 African countries. He is a lecturer at the University of Rennes in France, Institute of Political Studies (Master in Engineering Urban Services Network).
Jan JANSENS is the Managing Director of JJC Advisory Services, a Swiss-based consulting company. Her main area of expertise is strategic advice and capacity building for institutional reform of the water sector, water services development and public-private partnerships (PPPs). He has more than 35 years of experience in the water and sanitation sector, in projects for major international financial institutions, including the World Bank, the European Investment Bank and local actors ( governments and public or private operators). He has led numerous PPP projects and consultancy assignments in water infrastructure and has worked in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Middle East and Asia. He is also a member of the AIT Advisory Group for Low and Middle Income Countries (LAMIC) and the International Council (IC) of the American Water Works Association (AWWA). In 2008, he received the Honorary Membership Medal from the African Water Association (AFWA). In 2010, he became an Honorary Associate of the UNESCO Center for Water Law, Politics and Science (University of Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom). He holds an MBA from Vlerick Gent-Leuven Business School and was a student at IMD Lausanne.
Thomas BOLOGNESI is